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Niki de Saint Phalle

1930-2002 (FRANCE)

NIKI DE SAINT PHALLE WAS A PROLIFIC FRENCH-AMERICAN ARTIST, WHOSE PLAYFUL UNIVERSE OF FIGURATION AND APHORISMS BEGAN IN EARNEST IN THE MID-1960S AND CONTINUED OVER THE NEXT FIVE DECADES. IN HER LIFETIME, DE SAINT PHALLE WAS OFTEN OVERSHADOWED BY HER HUSBAND, SCULPTOR AND KINETIC ARTIST JEAN TINGUELY. YET IT WAS HER OUTPUT WHICH CONTINUALLY DEFIED THE RULES OF GENDER AND GENRE, BE IT IN THE FORM OF LETTERS OR DRAWINGS, SCULPTURES OR CERAMICS, OR EVEN INSTALLATIONS. HER EARLY FABRIC WORKS, CREATED AFTER A MENTAL HEALTH CRISIS, PREDATE AND FORETELL THE ACCLAIMED AND EBULLIENT NANAS OF THE 1960S AND 1970S. DE SAINT PHALLE HAS BEEN THE SUBJECT OF RETROSPECTIVES AT TATE LIVERPOOL IN 2008 AND MUSEUM OF MODERN ART IN NEW YORK IN 2021.