1864-1930 (Switzerland)

The prolific and narcissistic Wölfli is often considered the patron saint of l’Art Brut. Jean Dubuffet discovered his work on an investigative trip to Switzerland, where he met with Dr Walter Morgenthaler, the pioneering physician who published a monograph on his patient-artist. Wölfli’s semi-autobiographical output was fêted by the Surrealists for its dense indecipherable prose, complex musical annotation and ethnological influences.